Tweed Dictionary

All about Tweed - the fabric with tradition

What is Tweed?

Tweed is a woven fabric made of pure wool and is produced in the north of Scotland. The word presumably comes from the typical structure called Twill, or in Scotland Tweed.

Originally the fabrics that were hand-woven from hand-spun yarns were first called Tweed. Thus, it was rather coarse wool yarn, but also warp yarn and comb yarn, which formed the basis for the small binding patterns.

A hint that is close to our hearts: our producers support the animal welfare and that is why we only run mulesingfree wool!

The History of Tweed

Alles über Tweed – John Crocket | Fine British Clothing

Dyeing was always made with natural colours: orange was obtained from groundsel, wheat and iris provided the green and lichen the red. But soon Tweed was no longer just the fabric of farmers. After the English royal family acquired the castle Balmoral, the acquisition of a country seat in Scotland established itself throughout English society. To get away from others, landlords designed their own tweed patterns, the so-called Estate Tweed, which was worn exclusively by their employees. It's a real Scottish tradition to dress according to the clan affiliation.

Film to the history of Tweed

How is Tweed made?

The wool is dyed at the beginning of the production process. For this purpose, large loads of wool are first put into a closed tub. This is where the sanding process takes place to extract all the moisture from the fibres. Only then does the wool get its final colour. To obtain the typical tweed pattern, the individual coloured batches are shredded and then mixed.

Afterwards, the individual wool fibers are pulled through machines in the same direction and worn by a series of roles so that the fibers can be stretched. The right amount of fibers is pulled by another machine to produce a loose organized thread. So that the yarn has the strength required for weaving, it must now be spun to a strong thread. For this it turns six to eight times, which gives the yarn a much stronger tensile strength.

A Guide to Tweed

John Crocket stands for suits, jackets, waistcoats, caps and bow ties made of exclusive Tweed from the best Scottish and Irish mills. But what makes Tweed so special and how is Tweed made?

Lovat Tweed keeps always warm and is weather resistant. Its colour shades remember the Scottish landscapes.
Lovat Tweed Products
Lovat Tweed Mill

Harris Tweed is particularly resistant, gleams with unique colours and can be easily combined with different fabrics.
Harris Tweed Products
Harris Tweed Mill

Magee Tweed persuades with its particular robustness and eith the heavy fabric from the traditional County Donegal in Ireland.
Magee Tweed Products
Magee Tweed Mill

Moon Tweed provides with its the luxurious feel for the comfort factor and keeps you always warm even by cold temperatures.
Moon Tweed products
Moon Tweed Mill

John Hanly works exclusively with natural fibers and sets high value on sustainable and ethical production.
John Hanly Tweed Products
John Hanly Tweed Mill

Marling & Evans underlines the distinctive and special nature of its Tweed fabrics. Spinning, weaving and refining are based in the English Huddersfield.
Marling & Evans Tweed Products Marling & Evans Tweed Mill

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